2017山西教师招聘备考之初中英语语法(六)

2017-06-16 11:05:49   来源:教师招聘网    推荐:山西事业/教师编制考试报名时间
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2017山西教师招聘备考之初中英语语法

【形容词、副词】

一、形容词:用来说明或修饰名词、代词的词称为形容词。

1、形容词的句法作用:作句子中名词的定语、句子的表语以及宾语补足语。

2、形容词在句子中的位置:

⑴作定语时放在名词的前面,且音节少的词放在音节多的词之前。如:a big yellow wooden wheel(一个黄色的大木轮)

⑵作表语时放在连系动词之后。如:The price sounds reasonable.(这个价格听起来算是合理)

⑶作宾语补足语时放在宾语之后。如:We must try our best to keep our environment clean.(我们必须尽力保持我们的环境清洁)

⑷后置的情况:

①修饰复合不定代词时放在代词之后。如:Something serious has happened to him.(他发生了严重的事故)

②与表示“长、宽、高、重、老、远离”的词连用时形容词后置。如:He’s 1.8 metres tall.(他身高1.8米。)The moon is about 380,000 kilometres away from the earth.(月球离地38万公里)

3、有关形容词的用法辨析:

⑴ whole与all:记住两个词序:① the whole + 名词; ②all (of) the + 名词。如:He was busy the whole morning.(整个早晨他都很忙) / He can remember all the words he learns.(他能记住学过的所有单词)

⑵ tall与high, short与low:指人的个子时用tall与short;指其他事物时一般用high与low。如:He’s very tall/short.(他个子高/矮) / Tall trees are standing on both sides of that avenue.(大道的两侧有高大的树木) / A few people live on high mountains.(少量的人住在高山上)

⑶ real与true:real一般指东西的真假,译为“真的”;而true则指事情或消息的可靠性,译为“真实的”。如:This is a real diamond(钻石) and it’s very expensive.(这是货真价实的钻石,非常贵) / --Is that true?—Yes. I heard it with my own ears.(那真实吗? 是的,我亲耳所听)

⑷ interested与interesting的区别:interesting指人或东西“有趣的”,作定语或表语,而interested则表示人对别的事物“感兴趣的”,只能作表语。如:The man is very interesting and all the children like him. (这个人很有趣,孩子们都喜欢他)/ This book is interesting and you can really enjoy yourself.(这本书很有趣,你会真正获得享受) / I am interested in science.(我对自然科学感兴趣)

⑸ such用法: such + a(n) + 名词(单数)(+that从句)。如:I have never seen such a foolish(愚蠢的) boy.(我从来没有见过这么蠢的男孩) / He had such a terrible accident that he could never forget it.(他遭遇了这么可怕的事故,他永远也不会忘记)

⑹ good与well:表示“好”时,作定语或表语用good,作状语用well;表示“(身体)好”时用well.如:Doing sports is good for us.(进行运动对我们有益) / Study well and make progress every day.(好好学习,天天向上) / --How are you?—I am very well.(你好吗?我很好。)

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